What Is Orthognathic Surgery?
The term orthognathic is derived from the Greek words “orthos” meaning straighten and “gnathic” meaning something related to the jaw. In today’s medical world, this term talks specifically to the surgical treatment which highly aims at straightening and realigning of the jaws which are not in the desired shape. Many of you might be in touch of a friend or two who have decided to get an orthognathic surgery. He or she might have informed you that they were “having their jaw fixed,” or they might have claimed that they were “having their jaw broken.” At the time, you may be in a puzzle, asking yourself why this person was subjecting himself/herself to such a seemingly brutal surgery. In this section, we will give you an overview of what this friend was talking about. In addition, we will try to give you some major information that will help you to understand the perceptions and motivations of that patient and how they often evolve to excitement and enthusiasm about treatment. Further, let’s know what is orthognathic surgery in detail.
Orthognathic surgery is performed to correct or straighten your misaligned jaw. Orthognathic surgery is a good option to correct the skeletal deformities. Now it might be easy for you to understand what your friend was talking about. Maybe he or she wanted their jaws to be corrected and placed back. Adding up further, orthognathic might be certainly expensive, however, this investment will store great relief of having a better jaw appearance. This type of surgery is usually done by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. The surgeon straightens and realigns your jaw using surgical plates, templates, screws and wires. The main aim of orthognathic surgery is to correct the severe malocclusion or improper bite that may be causing certain functional problems in routine activities such as speech, chewing food or sleep apnea. In certain cases, you might also experience headaches, joint pain or periodontal discomfort. According to the research conducted by best dental clinics in Indore– Global Dental Centre, the following conditions may prompt the need for orthognathic surgery-
- Birth defects
- Chronic jaw or TMJ pain
- Involuntary mouth breathing
- The inability of the lips to come together.
- Trauma or jaw injury
- Unwanted space between upper and lower teeth when the mouth is closed.
- Receding lower jaw and chin.
Who Is A Candidate For Orthognathic Surgery?
Most individuals who would become orthognathic surgical patients analyse certain symptoms make them aware of their problem prior to the diagnosis. But the patient might be unaware of the current options that are available to treat his/her condition. In addition, they may have been misled to think that treatment is barbaric and only reserved for the worst of circumstances. How do we become candidates for orthognathic surgery? During the growth and development period of our jaws, it is possible for the growth of the jaws to cease or to come to completion leaving a disharmony of function and esthetics.
For various distinguished reasons, the jaws can, at that time, remain disproportionate in size and shape as well as might cause discomfort too. The cause of this disharmony and disproportionality is often important when determining a final treatment plan and can be a result of any or all the following:
- An unfavourable genetic expression of growth (most common)
- A history of trauma
- The abnormal or exuberant activity of a growth centre from an unknown cause (e.g., the TMJ region)
- Tumour or other pathology
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER THE SURGERY?- Often asked question
Before undergoing orthognathic surgery there are numerous questions you have to deal with and they often frighten you. However answer to this question is must, if left unanswered your curiosity may not end up rather it would chase your decision of having orthognathic surgery. Listed below are some of the mild effects which are likely to occur,
- Pain- After orthognathic surgery, you may have mild and moderate pain. This pain is easily endurable and not much discomforting. Surprisingly, this fact will elate you that the pain after orthognathic surgery is usually low and moderate than the pain that occurs during wisdom tooth removal or root canal treatment.
- Swelling- It is the normal after-effect of surgery. Swelling can be more or less depending on different individuals. Swelling is excessive at the lower jaw than the upper jaw. But do not worry much your appearance will improve as your swelling resolves. In case you undergo tremendous pain and then consult Global Dental Centre, the oral and maxillofacial surgeons here, will surely help you to get rid of your agony.
- Bleeding- Nose bleeds can be expected for a period of one or two weeks. The reason behind this bleeding may be upper jaw surgery. Care for bleeding is necessary, do not overlook the fact rather consult the concerns as soon as possible.
- Infection– Infection is common and expected after any surgery antibiotics given during and after the surgery may help in preventing these infections.
- Weight loss- Weight loss up to 2-5 kgs may be expected. In most of the cases, the patient after orthognathic surgery may have a loss of appetite. However, after a couple of weeks of your surgery, you may start gaining your appetite.
Assuming you have a clarified picture of what orthognathic surgery is all about, who can be in need of it and what are it’s after surgery effects, you might better understand your friend’s situation. For further knowledge about the same subject feel free to visit our expert’s surgeons. Global Dental Centre is sure enough to help you in the same manner as other best dental clinics in Indore.