Humans tend to be visual by nature; there are multiple conditions of facial appearance that can be differentiated by the physical features. This blog will help you relate. It is not just the physical appearance but also the functional, medical and health issues that makes jaw surgery a solution.
Jaw Surgery is technically known as Orthognathic surgery. It can be defined as orthopedic surgery of the jaws.It is used to “put the jaws back into the right position” when there is a discrepancy between the jaws and the dental arcades, and when orthodontics alone is insufficient.
Anomalous dental occlusion has short, medium, and long term consequences that it is important to be aware of:
The treatment will involve the following phases:
Mandibular Hypoplasia –A lower jaw & chin that look small or set back
Maxillary Hypoplasia– A mid-face that looks sunken in or set back
Anterior open Bite- Front teeth that don’t touch when biting
Mandibular Hyperplasia-A lower jaw that looks too big or far forward
Maxillary Vertical Excess- A long face with excessive gum display
Hemifacial Microsomia- Severe asymmetry of the jaws & face
Bi Maxillary Retrusion- Upper & lower jaws that are both set back
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis-A complete lack of lower jaw development
The patients are healthy and the risks related to the general anesthesia are minimal. The anesthetist is consulted before surgery and all the examinations are performed after the procedure.
All the scars are inside the mouth.
Patients usually do not report any pain after the operation, but there is generally always a feeling of discomfort due to the oedema (swelling of the face), which recedes within a few days and disappears completely within a couple of weeks. Swelling may be surprisingly big, and may get worse over the first 48 hours. It is treated by applying ice cold compresses to the face and with appropriate medication.
The jaws, once they have been moved, are held in their new position with titanium plates and screws. It is therefore possible to talk and eat immediately. However, a number of precautions should be taken during the postoperative period: – The jaw bone will be held in place using elastic bands, which will need to stay in place for two weeks. – The diet should be entirely liquid throughout the immobilization period (15 days), then pureed for the next 15 days, then softened for the following 15 days, with a return to a normal diet 6 weeks after the operation. – Strict oral hygiene is essential to prevent the risk of infection and should be begun immediately after the procedure. All of the products needed for this purpose will be prescribed.
Between 2 and 4 weeks later Depending on the type of procedure, patients can usually return to school or work between the 2nd and 6th week after the operation.
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